Why Does My Dog Jump And Bite Me On Walks

Walking your dog is supposed to be a pleasant and enjoyable experience. The fresh air, exercise, and bonding time with your furry friend can create cherished memories.

But what happens when your dog starts jumping and biting you during walks? Suddenly, that peaceful stroll turns into a chaotic and frustrating ordeal.

If you’ve ever found yourself in this situation, rest assured that you’re not alone. Many dog owners have faced the same issue, wondering why their beloved companion exhibits such behavior.

In this blog post, we will unravel the mysteries behind why dogs jump and bite during walks.

Natural Inclination Towards Playfulness

Some dogs have a natural inclination towards playfulness, and this can manifest in jumping and biting behaviors during walks.

These impulsive players are often high-energy and love to engage in interactive activities. When they see their owners walking, they perceive it as an opportunity for playtime and excitement.

Here are a few breeds that commonly exhibit these characteristics:

  • Border Collie: Border Collies are incredibly intelligent and energetic dogs. They have a strong herding instinct and thrive on mental and physical stimulation. Without proper outlets for their energy, they may resort to jumping behaviors during walks.
  • Labrador Retriever: Labradors are known for their playful and friendly nature. They have boundless energy and require regular exercise to keep them satisfied. Without adequate stimulation, they may become bored and exhibit unwanted behaviors like jumping and biting.
  • Australian Shepherd: Australian Shepherds are highly active and intelligent dogs. They excel in various dog sports and require mental and physical exercise to stay happy. If not provided with sufficient stimulation, they might resort to jumping and biting behaviors during walks.
  • Jack Russell Terrier: Jack Russell Terriers are small dogs with immense energy levels. They have a strong prey drive and love to play and explore. Insufficient exercise can lead to restlessness, which may be expressed through jumping and biting during walks.
  • Dalmatian: Dalmatians are known for their high energy levels and need for physical activity. They were historically bred as carriage dogs and have retained their stamina and playfulness. Without regular exercise, they may become restless and exhibit jumping and biting behaviors.

It’s important to remember that these dogs are not intentionally trying to harm or annoy their owners. They simply have a strong desire for interaction and find jumping and biting as a way to initiate play.

Understanding this underlying motivation can help us address the behavior more effectively.

To redirect their playfulness into more appropriate behaviors, you can incorporate structured play sessions before or after walks.

This can help burn off excess energy and satisfy their need for interaction. Engaging them in mentally stimulating activities such as puzzle toys or obedience training can also provide an outlet for their playfulness.

Strong Desire For Interaction

Dogs who are kept inside for long periods may have a strong desire for interaction and stimulation when they finally get the chance to go outside.

Imagine being stuck indoors all day without much to do or anyone to play with. You’d probably be bursting with excitement once you step out into the fresh air, right?

Well, it’s the same for our furry friends! Dogs who are cooped up often crave attention and interaction, and walks become their golden opportunity to get it.

So, what can we do to prevent your dog from becoming overexcited during walks? Here are a few tips:

  • Pre-walk Playtime: Before heading out for a walk, engage your dog in some playtime or exercise. This can help burn off excess energy and reduce their excitement levels. A game of fetch in the backyard or a quick training session can work wonders in calming them down.
  • Mental Stimulation: Dogs need mental stimulation just as much as physical exercise. Add puzzle toys or treat-dispensing toys to his daily routine. These toys keep his minds engaged and help alleviate his pent-up energy, making him less likely to exhibit jumping and biting behaviors during walks.
  • Gradual Exposure: If your dog gets overly excited as soon as he sees the leash, try desensitizing him by gradually exposing him to the sights and sounds associated with walks. For example, put on your shoes or grab the leash and then wait calmly without actually going for a walk. Repeat this process several times until your dog learns to associate these cues with calm behavior rather than excessive excitement.
  • Obedience Training: Basic obedience training is essential for managing over excitement during walks. Teach your dog commands like “sit” or “stay” and reward him for following these commands before and during walks. This helps redirect his focus and teaches him impulse control.
  • Reinforce Calm Behavior: Whenever your dog displays calm behavior during walks, reward him with treats, praise, or a gentle pat on the head. This positive reinforcement helps reinforce the idea that staying calm leads to rewards, encouraging him to maintain a more relaxed demeanor.
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A Matter Of Jitters

Dogs can exhibit certain behaviors such as jumping and biting due to anxiety, fear, or nervousness. Here are some reasons and explanations:

  • Fear Aggression: Focus on desensitizing your dog to the source of his fear in a controlled environment. Implement positive reinforcement techniques. Reward your dog when he remains calm in situations that would typically cause him to react.
  • Anxiety-Induced Behavior: Use calming products, like anxiety wraps or diffusers that release dog-appeasing pheromones. Engage your dog in regular physical activity and mental stimulation to help reduce overall anxiety.
  • Over stimulation: Minimize exposure to overly stimulating situations until your dog is better able to handle them. Teach your dog a “focus” or “look at me” command to redirect his attention back to you when he starts to get too excited.
  • Lack of Socialization: Gradually expose your dog to new people, animals, and environments to help him become more comfortable. Organize playmates with other dogs or enroll your dog in a training class to encourage interaction.
  • Pain or Discomfort: Regular veterinary check-ups can help ensure your dog isn’t suffering from any unseen health issues.

A Matter of Frustration about his Leash

Dogs are naturally curious and active creatures. When they’re on a leash, their ability to explore is limited. This can cause them to become frustrated, which may manifest as pulling, lunging, or even biting the leash.

They may also become reactive towards other dogs or people due to the inability to interact freely.

To mitigate leash frustration, you can try the following strategies:

  • Training: Teach your dog to walk on a loose leash. Start in a distraction-free environment, and gradually increase the level of distraction as your dog improves. Reward him for maintaining a loose leash.
  • Proper Equipment: Use a well-fitted harness and a sturdy, comfortable leash. Avoid using retractable leashes as they can encourage pulling.
  • Exercise: Ensure your dog has plenty of exercise outside of walks. A tired dog is less likely to pull or become frustrated on the leash.
  • Mental Stimulation: Incorporate brain games into your walks, such as asking your dog to sit or stay at regular intervals. This can help keep your dog’s mind focused and reduce frustration.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Reward your dog for good behavior during walks. This could be treats, praise, or anything else your dog enjoys.
  • Professional Help: If your dog’s leash frustration isn’t improving, consider consulting a professional dog trainer. They can provide personalized advice and training techniques based on your dog’s specific needs.

Holding On To Puppyhood Habits

Puppies naturally explore their world by using their mouth and by jumping up to get closer to people.

If these behaviors are not appropriately addressed during puppyhood, they can persist into adulthood. This could be why your dog is jumping and biting during walks.

Here are some strategies to address these ingrained behaviors:

  • Reinforce Good Behavior: Let’s say your dog has a habit of jumping and biting during walks. One day, he manages to walk calmly by your side. Reward him right away with a treat or express your appreciation by giving verbal praise, such as “Well done!” This reinforces that walking calmly leads to positive outcomes.
  • Ignore Bad Behavior: Suppose your dog jumps on you during a walk. Instead of pushing him off or scolding him (which can be seen as attention), turn away and ignore him completely. Once he had all four paws on the ground, give him attention and praise. This will teach him that jumping up gets him ignored, but staying grounded gets him attention.
  • Redirect Attention: If your dog starts to jump, you can redirect his attention with a toy or a treat. Say, if you notice that your dog is about to jump on someone passing by, you can easily distract him by offering him his favorite toy or giving him a command like “sit,” followed by a tasty treat as a reward for his obedience.
  • Consistent Training: Consistency is critical in dog training. For example, if you ignore your dog’s jumping, but another family member rewards him by petting, the mixed messages will confuse your dog. Make sure everyone who interacts with the dog follows the same rules.
  • Professional Help: If your dog continues to jump and bite despite your best efforts, it may be time to bring in a professional. For example, a dog behaviorist can observe your dog’s behavior in various situations and provide tailored strategies for managing and modifying the behavior.

Changing a dog’s behavior takes time, but with perseverance, you can help your dog overcome these challenges.

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You’re Unknowingly Encouraging This Behavior

Certainly, dogs learn from the consequences of their actions, and they repeat behaviors that get rewarded. This is where “accidental reinforcement” comes into play.

Accidental Reinforcement: Sometimes, without realizing it, you might be encouraging the very behaviors you want to eliminate.

For example, if your dog jumps up, and you respond by petting him or giving him attention, he is getting rewarded for jumping. From your dog’s perspective, jumping equals attention, so he is likely to continue this behavior.

Here are some common examples of how you might be accidentally reinforcing unwanted behaviors:

Giving Attention: If your dog jumps and nips at you during walks, and you react by scolding or pushing him right away, your dog will view this as attention. He doesn’t differentiate between positive or negative attention. In their eyes, attention is attention.

Inconsistent Responses: If you sometimes ignore the jumping and biting, but other times you react, it creates confusion for your dog. This inconsistency might inadvertently encourage the behavior because your dog learns that if he tries often enough, he will eventually get a reaction.

Reinforcing Fear or Anxiety: By comforting your dog or ending the walk when he displays anxious behaviors like jumping or biting, you had unintentionally reinforced his fear or anxiety. This can teach him that these behaviors lead to comfort or an escape from the anxiety-inducing situation.

A Matter Of Asserting His Dominance Over You

In some cases, a dog may jump or bite in an attempt to assert dominance. This is their way of challenging the “Alpha” within your ‘pack’, which in this case, is your family.

Dogs that perceive themselves as the ‘alpha’ are more likely to display dominant behaviors, which can include jumping and biting.

Here are some ways to address this issue:

Leadership: Establish yourself as the leader of the pack. This doesn’t mean you need to be aggressive or harsh. Instead, control resources (like food, toys, and treats), lead on walks, and initiate playtime.

Consistency: Be consistent with rules and boundaries. If you don’t want your dog to jump and bite, make sure you don’t allow it at any time.

Training: Teaching basic commands like sit, stay, and down can help establish your leadership and control.

Avoid Physical Punishment: Physical punishment can lead to fear or aggression, not respect. Instead of punishment, use positive reinforcement to reward good behavior.

Professional Help: If your dog’s dominant behavior becomes aggressive or dangerous, seek help from a professional.

Remember that dominance is just one potential explanation for your dog’s behavior. It’s essential to consider all possible reasons as shared in this post.

Can Neutering Or Spaying Reduce Such Behavior?

The potential effects of neutering or spaying on a dog’s tendency to jump and bite during walks can vary. Here are some insights on how these procedures might impact behavior:

Reduced Hormonal Influence:

Neutering is the removal or alteration of the reproductive organs in males. Spaying is the removal or alteration of the reproductive organs in females. These procedures can reduce the production of hormones such as testosterone or estrogen.

These hormones play a role in sexual behaviors and can influence certain aggressive tendencies. By reducing hormonal influence, neutering or spaying may help decrease dominant or territorial behaviors that could contribute to jumping and biting.

Calming Effect:

Neutering or spaying can sometimes have a calming effect on dogs. With reduced sexual drive and hormone levels, dogs may exhibit less excitable behavior during walks, which can reduce the likelihood of jumping and biting.

Individual Variation:

It’s important to note that the impact of neutering or spaying on behavior can vary among individual dogs. Some dogs may experience a noticeable decrease in aggressive tendencies, while others might not exhibit significant changes.

Factors such as breed, age at the time of the procedure, and individual temperament can influence the outcome.

Training and Socialization Remain Important

Although neutering or spaying may have a positive impact on managing jumping and biting behaviors, it is important to emphasize that training and socialization remain crucial.

It is important to employ effective training techniques, use positive reinforcement, and maintain consistent socialization to develop the desired behavior during walks, regardless of whether a dog has been neutered or spayed.


While every dog is unique, there are commonalities among dogs that exhibit jumping up and biting behavior during walks. These include:

  • High levels of energy and playfulness
  • Lack of socialization and exercise opportunities
  • Anxiety or fear triggers
  • Frustration due to leash restrictions
  • Reinforcement of the behavior through unintentional attention

Understanding these common factors can help guide you in finding effective solutions for your dog’s behavior.

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